Nepal is home to many National Park, wildlife reserve and conservation areas. In its effort to conserve nature and wildlife, Nepal has 10 national parks, 4 wildlife reserve and 6 conservation areas. Chitwan national park is the oldest national park in Nepal as was established in 1973 AD with an area of 932 square kilometer and is a world heritage site since 1984. First conservation area of Nepal is Annapurna conservation area covering kaski, Lamjung, manang and Mustang. Annapurna conservation area has now become one of the world famous trekking trail and attracts thousand of travelers each year. Annapurna conservation area ranges in altitude from 790 m to the peak of Annapurna I at 8,091 m. Similarly, Suklaphanta wildlife reserve is the first wildlife reserve of Nepal located at kanchanpur district with an area of 305 square kilometer.

National parks in Nepal

S.No. Name Area (sq.km) Established date District Remarks
1 Shey Phoksundo National Park 3555 2040 BS (1984 AD) Dolpa, Mugu Biggest national park in Nepal
2 Langtang National Park 1710 2032 BS (1976 AD) Rasuwa, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchok
3 Makalu barun National Park 1500 2048 BS (1991 AD) Sankhusabha, Solukhumbu
4 Sagarmatha National Park 1148 2032 BS (1976 AD) Solukhumbu World heritage site since 1979 AD
5 bardia National Park 968 2032 BS (1988 AD) Bardia
6 Chitwan National Park 932 2030 BS (1973 AD) Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa First national park and world heritage site since 1984
7 Banke National Park 550 2067 BS (2010 AD) Banke Youngest national park
8 Khaptad National Park 225 2042 BS Doti, Bajhang, Accham, Bajura
9 Shivapuri-Nagurjun National Park 159 2058 BS (2002 AD) Kathmandu, Sindhupalchok, Nuwakot, Dhading
10 Rara National Park 106 2032 BS (1976 AD) Mugu, Jumla Smallest national park in Nepal

NOTE: In 2017, Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve’s status of protected area was changed to a national park.

Wildlife reserves in Nepal

S.No. Name Area (sq.km) Established date District
1 Dhorpatan hunting reserve 1325 2044 BS (1987 AD) Baglung, Myagdi, Rukum
2 Parsa wildlife reserve 499 2041 BS (1984 AD) parsa
3 Suklaphanta Wildlife reserve 305 2033 BS (1976 AD) Kanchanpur
4 Koshitappu wildlife reserve 175 2032 BS (1976 AD) Sunsari

Conservation areas in Nepal

S.No. Name Area (sq.km) Established date District
1 Annapurna conservation area 7629 2049 BS Kaski, Lamjung, Manang, Mustang, Myagdi
2 Gaurishankar conservation area 2179 2067 BS Ramechap, Dolakha, Sindhupalchok
3 Kanchanjunga conservation area 2035 2054 BS Taplejung
4 Apinampa conservation area 1903 2067 BS Darchula
5 Manaslu conservation area 1663 2055 BS Gorkha and Manang
6 Krishnasar conservation area 1595 2065 BS Bardia