Old Question (Officer level) of Contemporary Issues paper taken on 2072/12/19

Section A

  1. Clearly spell out the concept of social protection and clarify its interrelationship with the concept of social safety and social security.
  2. How the term refugee is defined under international convention? Clarify and write down about the Bhutanese refugee management in Nepal.
  3. What do you mean by Terrorist financing? What kind of arrangements are made at the national and international level to denounce such illegal activities? Clarify.

Section B

  1. What do you mean by Economic diplomacy ? What sort of importance has been given to it in the foreign policy in Nepal? Give you opinion.
  2. What in your opinion could be three important economic sectors on a priority basis for speeding up economic growth of Nepal? Give a logical answer supporting by relevant facts and statistics.

Section C

  1. “Devolution carries the highest degree of decision making independence at the lower level.” Present your view in this regard.
  2. Mention the development issues and challenges in Nepal.
  3. In what sector of development, the non-state actors can play effective role than state mechanism? Give your suggestion with facts and examples.

Section D

  1. Nepal is facing the highest level of energy crisis at present. What alternative strategies Nepal should adopt to minimize the present crisis? Give in points.
  2. Present the initiatives taken nationally and internationally for the promotion of environment friendly sustainable development.